State Of Nevada

United StatesStates


Capital: Carson City

State Abbreviation/Postal Code: Nev./NV

Governor: Kenny Guinn, R (to Jan. 2007)

Lieut. Governor: Lorraine Hunt, R (to Jan. 2007)

Senators: Harry Reid, D (to Jan. 2011); John Ensign, R (to Jan. 2007)

U.S. Representatives: 3

Secy. of State: Dean Heller, R (to Jan. 2007)

Treasurer: Brian Krolicki, R (to Jan. 2007)

Atty. General: Brian Sandoval, R (to Jan. 2007)

Organized as territory: March 2, 1861

Entered Union (rank): Oct. 31, 1864 (36)

Present constitution adopted: 1864

Motto: All for Our Country

State Symbols: flower sagebrush (1959) trees single-leaf pinon (1953) and bristlecone pine (1987) bird mountain bluebird (1967) animal desert bighorn sheep (1973) colors silver and blue (1983) song “Home Means Nevada” (1933) rock sandstone (1987) precious gemstone virgin valley black fire opal (1987) semiprecious gemstone Nevada turquoise (1987) grass Indian ricegrass (1977) metal silver (1977) fossil ichthyosaur (1977) fish lahontan cutthroat trout (1981) reptile desert tortoise (1989) state artifact tule duck decoy (1995)

Nicknames: Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State

Origin of name: Spanish: “snowcapped”

10 largest cities (2003 est.): Las Vegas, 517,017; Henderson, 214,852; Reno, 193,882; North Las Vegas, 144,502; Sparks, 77,295; Carson City, 55,311; Elko, 16,075; Boulder City, 15,314; Mesquite, 11,780; Fernley, 10,047

Land area: 109,826 sq mi. (284,449 sq km)

Geographic center: In Lander Co., 26 mi. SE of Austin

Number of counties: 16, plus 1 independent city

Largest county by population and area: Clark, 1,650,671 (2004); Nye, 18,147 sq mi.

State parks: 24

Residents: Nevadan, Nevadian

2004 resident population est.: 2,334,771

2000 resident census population (rank): 1,998,257 (35). Male: 1,018,051 (50.9%); Female: 980,206 (49.1%). White: 1,501,886 (75.2%); Black: 135,477 (6.8%); American Indian: 26,420 (1.3%); Asian: 90,266 (4.5%); Other race: 159,354 (8.0%); Two or more races: 76,428 (3.8%); Hispanic/Latino: 393,970 (19.7%). 2000 percent population 18 and over: 74.4; 65 and over: 11.0; median age: 35.0.

Area Codes

Tourism Office

Trappers and traders, including Jedediah Smith and Peter Skene Ogden, entered the Nevada area in the 1820s. In 1843–1845, John C. Frémont and Kit Carson explored the Great Basin and Sierra Nevada. The U.S. obtained the region in 1848 following the Mexican War, and the first permanent settlement was a Mormon trading post near present-day Genoa.

The driest state in the nation, with an average annual rainfall of only about 7 in., much of Nevada is uninhabited, sagebrush-covered desert. The wettest part of the state receives about 40 in. of precipitation per year, while the driest spot has less than 4 in. per year.

Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859, and its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. Oil was discovered in 1954. Gold now far exceeds all other minerals in value of production.

In 1931, the state created two industries, divorce and gambling. For many years, Reno and Las Vegas were the “divorce capitals of the nation.” More liberal divorce laws in many states have ended this distinction, but Nevada is still the gambling capital of the U.S. and a leading entertainment center. State gambling taxes account for 34.1% of general fund tax revenues. Although Nevada leads the nation in per capita gambling revenue, it ranks only tenth in total gambling revenue.

The state’s leading agricultural industry is cattle and calves. Agricultural crops consist mainly of hay, alfalfa seed, barley, wheat, and potatoes.

Nevada manufactures gaming equipment; lawn and garden irrigation devices; titanium products; seismic and machinery monitoring devices; and specialty printing.

Lake Tahoe, Reno, and Las Vegas are major resorts. Recreation areas include Pyramid Lake, Lake Tahoe, and Lake Mead and Lake Mohave, both in Lake Mead National Recreation Area. Other attractions are Hoover Dam, Virginia City, and Great Basin National Park (includes Lehman Caves).

See more on Nevada:
Encyclopedia: Nevada
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

Accredited Colleges and Universities

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations

Selected famous natives and residents:


Information Please® Database, © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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