State Of New Jersey

Map of New Jersey

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United StatesStates

New Jersey

Capital: Trenton

State Abbreviation/Postal Code: N.J./NJ

Acting Governor: Richard Codey,1 D (to Jan. 2006)

Senators: Frank R. Lautenberg, D (to Jan. 2009); Jon Corzine, D (to Jan. 2007)

U.S. Representatives: 13

Secy. of State: Regena L. Thomas (to Jan. 2006)

Treasurer: John E. McCormac

Atty. General: Peter C. Harvey, I (to Jan. 2006)

Entered Union (rank): Dec. 18, 1787 (3)

Present constitution adopted: 1947

Motto: Liberty and prosperity

State Symbols: flower purple violet (1913) bird eastern goldfinch (1935) insect honeybee (1974) tree red oak (1950) animal horse (1977) colors buff and blue (1965) folk dance square dance dinosaur hadrosaurus foulkii fish brook trout shell knobbed whelk fruit blueberry (2004)

Nickname: Garden State

Origin of name: From the Channel Isle of Jersey

10 largest cities (2003 est.): Newark, 277,911; Jersey City, 239,097; Paterson, 150,782; Elizabeth, 123,215; Woodbridge, 100,866; Edison, 100,138; Dover, 93,671; Hamilton, 89,632; Trenton, 85,314; Camden, 80,089

Land area: 7,417 sq mi. (19,210 sq km)

Geographic center: In Mercer Co., 5 mi. SE of Trenton

Number of counties: 21

Largest county by population and area: Bergen, 902,998 (2004); Burlington, 805 sq mi.

State forests: 11

State parks: 39

Residents: New Jerseyite, New Jerseyan

2004 resident population est.: 8,698,879

2000 resident census population (rank): 8,414,350 (9). Male: 4,082,813 (48.5%); Female: 4,331,537 (51.5%). White: 6,104,705 (72.6%); Black: 1,141,821 (13.6%); American Indian: 19,492 (0.2%); Asian: 480,276 (5.7%); Other race: 450,972 (5.4%); Two or more races: 213,755 (2.5%); Hispanic/Latino: 1,117,191 (13.3%). 2000 percent population 18 and over: 75.2; 65 and over: 13.2; median age: 36.7.

Area Codes

Tourism Office

New Jersey’s early colonial history was involved with that of New York (New Netherlands), of which it was a part. One year after the Dutch surrender to England in 1664, New Jersey was organized as an English colony under Gov. Philip Carteret.

In 1676 the colony was divided between Carteret and a company of English Quakers who had obtained the rights belonging to John, Lord Berkeley. New Jersey became a united crown colony in 1702, administered by the royal governor of New York. Finally, in 1738, New Jersey was separated from New York under its own royal governor, Lewis Morris. Because of its key location between New York City and Philadelphia, New Jersey saw much fighting during the American Revolution.

Today, New Jersey, an area of wide industrial diversification, is known as the Crossroads of the East. Products from over 15,000 factories can be delivered overnight to almost 60 million people, representing 12 states and the District of Columbia. The greatest single industry is chemicals; New Jersey is one of the foremost research centers in the world. Many large oil refineries are located in northern New Jersey. Other important manufactured items are pharmaceuticals, instruments, machinery, electrical goods, and apparel.

Productive farmland covers nearly one million acres, about 20% of New Jersey’s land area. The state ranks high in the production of almost all garden vegetables, as well as cranberries, blueberries, and peaches. Poultry, dairy products, and seafood are also top commodities.

Tourism is the second-largest industry in New Jersey. The state has numerous resort areas on 127 mi of Atlantic coastline. In 1977, New Jersey voters approved legislation allowing legalized casino gambling in Atlantic City. Points of interest include the Delaware Water Gap, the Edison National Historic Site in West Orange, Princeton University, Liberty State Park, Jersey City, and the N.J. State Aquarium in Camden.

See more on New Jersey:
Encyclopedia: New Jersey
Encyclopedia: Geography
Encyclopedia: Economy
Encyclopedia: Government
Encyclopedia: History
Monthly Temperature Extremes

Accredited Colleges and Universities

All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area

All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
State Taxes
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Homeownership
Percentage of Uninsured by State

All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Healthiest States
Most Dangerous States
Smartest States
Crime Index
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
Driving Laws
National Public Radio Stations

Selected famous natives and residents:

 

Information Please® Database, © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

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